A team of researchers from King’s College London and China Medical University has found omega-3 fish oil supplements to increase attention among Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) children. However, fish oil was found effective in kids with low levels of omega-3 in their blood. The fact that omega-3 is effective in some children with ADHD brings the personalized medicine approach to light. The same team had previously found that omega-3 deficient children are prone to have severe ADHD.
The study published in the journal Translational Psychiatry showed the omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)-deficient children were found to have improved focused attention and vigilance after consuming the omega-3 supplements while this supplement was found ineffective in children with normal or high blood levels of EPA. The children having normal or high blood levels of EPA if given omega-3 supplements were found to have negative effects like impulsivity symptoms. The supplements must be provided to the kids only after consulting with their respective medical professionals. The blood test or scaly skin, dry eyes, and eczema are found to help identify omega-3 deficiency in an individual. The stimulants such as methylphenidate are generally provided to children with ADHD. A good diet with plenty of fish is found to help lower ADHD patients in countries like North America, Europe, and other countries with less fish consumption.
Parallelly, the researchers from QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute have found that the brains of ADHD patients are quite different. ADHD brains experience elevated noise in the signal amid their cognitive and sensory regions, which clearly explains the reason behind the difference in the neural pathways in people with ADHD as it does not work effectively and also sends erratic messages. The MRI scans have clearly revealed the roadblocks in the neurological highways. In ADHD patients, the structural connectivity is lost as it can be well seen that the structure–function coupling in feeder connections bonding the brain’s hubs with peripheral regions is extremely low. These are the primary symptoms of ADHD.
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